POLYCENTRIC LAW

Morris and Linda Tannehill – The Market for Liberty
Morris and Linda Tannehill, 1970 (second edition, Fox & Wilkes, 1984)

Bruce Benson – The Enterprise of Law: Justice without the State
Pacific Research Institute, 1990

Fred Foldvary – Public Goods and Private Communities : The Market Provision of Social Services
Edward Elgar Publishing, 1994

Robert C. Ellickson – Order Without Law : How Neighbors Settle Disputes
Harvard University Press, 1994

Bruce Benson – To Serve and Protect: Privatization and Community in Criminal Justice
New York University Press, 1998

David T. Beito, Peter Gordon, Alexander Tabarrok (ed.) – The Voluntary City: Choice, Community, and Civil Society
University of Michigan Press / Independent Institute, 2002

Hans Hermann-Hoppe (ed.) – The Myth of National Defense
Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2003

Articles:

Gustave de Molinari – The Production of Security (pdf)
Journal des Economistes, 1849

Benjamin R. Tucker – The Bill for Justice: Who Should Pay It?
Liberty, Vol. 9, No. 49, Saturday, March 24, 1894, Whole No. 283

David Friedman – Police, Courts, and Laws-on the Market
in The Machinery of Freedom: Guide to A Radical Capitalism, Open Court, 1973 (1989 second edition)

John D. Sneed – Order without Law: Where will Anarchists Keep the Madmen ? (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1977

Karl T. Fielding – The Role of Personal Justice in Anarcho-capitalism (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1978

T. L. Anderson & P.J. Hill – An American Experiment in Anarcho-Capitalism: The Not So Wild, Wild West (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 3, no. 1, 1979

David Friedman – Private Creation and Enforcement of Law: A Historical Case
Journal of Legal Studies 8, 1979

Alfred G. Cuzan – Do we ever really get out of Anarchy? (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 3, No. 2, 1979

Karl T. Fielding – Nonexcludability and Government Financing of Public Goods(pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1979

George H. Smith – Justice Entrepreneurship in a Free Market (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1979
*** Randy E. Barnett – Comment on Smith 
(pdf)
*** Steven Strasnick – Comment on Smith 
(pdf)
*** Robert L. Formaini – Comment on Smith 
(pdf)
***** George H. Smith – Reply to Critics 
(pdf)

Charles J. King – A Rationale for Punishment (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1980

Murray Rothbard – Law, Property, Rights, and Air Pollution (pdf)
Cato Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Spring 1982), pp. 55-99. Also in: Murray Rothbard – The Logic of Action Volume Two (Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 1997), pp. 121-170.

Max O’Connor – Private Police and the Free Rider Problem (pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Political Notes, 17, 1983 

Bruce L. Benson – Guns for Protection, and Other Private Sector Responses to the Government’s Failure to Control Crime (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 8, Num. 1, 1986

Stephen Davies – The Private Supply of `Public Goods’ in Nineteenth Century Britain (pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Historical Notes, 03, 1988 

Matthew O’Keeffe – Retribution versus Restitution (pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Legal Notes, 05, 1988 

Bruce L. Benson – Enforcement of Private Property Rights in Primitive
Societies: Law without Government (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 9, Num. 1, 1989

Hans-Hermann Hoppe – Fallacies of the Public Goods Theory and the Production of Security (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 9, Num. 1, 1989

David Osterfeld – Anarchism and the Public Goods Issue: Law, Courts, and the Police (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 9, Num. 1, 1989

Chris R. Tame – On the Side of the Angels: A View of Private Policing (pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Political Notes, 40, 1989 

Nick Roberts – In Praise of Jackals: Assassination and Moral Defence Policy(pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Foreign Policy Perspectives, 15, 1989

David Friedman – Viking Iceland: Anarchy that Worked
Liberty 2, no. 6,July, 1989, pp. 37-40

Bruce L. Benson – Customary Law With Private Means of Resolving Disputes and Dispensing Justice: A Description Of a Modern System of Law and Order Without State Coercion (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 9 Num. 2, 1990

Birgir T. Runolfsson Solvason – Ordered Anarchy, State, and Rent-Seeking: The Icelandic Commonwealth
Dissertation in Economics, George Mason University, 1991

Bruce L. Benson – Reciprocal Exchange as the Basis for Recognition Of Law: Examples from American History (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 10, Num. 1, 1991

Tom W. Bell – Privately Produced Law (pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Legal Notes, 16, 1991 

Albert Loan – Institutional Bases of the Spontaneous Order: Surety and Assurance
Humane Studies Review, Volume 7, Number 1 Winter 1991/92

Tom W. Bell – Polycentric Law
Humane Studies Review, Volume 7, Number 1 Winter 1991/92

Birgir T. Runolfsson Solvason – Ordered Anarchy: Evolution of the Decentralized Legal Order in the Icelandic Commonwealth
Icelandic Economic Papers 17, 1992

Tom W. Bell – The Jurisprudence Of Polycentric Law
Unpublished Manuscript, Chicago, Illinois, August, 1992

Birgir T. Runolfsson Solvason – Institutional Evolution in the Icelandic Commonwealth
Constitutional Political Economy 4, No. 1, pp. 97-125.

Gary Greenberg – Legal Systems Under Anarcho-Capitalism (pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Legal Notes, 18, 1993

Adam Chacksfield – Polycentric Law Versus the Minimal State: The Case of Air Pollution (pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Political Notes, 76, 1993

Roderick T. Long – The Decline and Fall of Private Law in Iceland
Formulations 1, No. 3, Spring, 1994

Barry Macleod-Cullinane – Lon L. Fuller and the Enterprise of Law (pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Legal Notes, 22, 1995

Stephan N. Kinsella – Rationalism, Legislation, and Law (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 11, Num. 2, 1995

Stefan Blankertz – Courts, Judges, And The Law In The Free City
European Libertarian Convention, Amsterdam, 1996

Christian Michel – Should Criminals be Punished ?
Edited and annotated transcript of a talk delivered at a conference in Katowice, Poland, November 1996 

David Friedman – Anarchy and Efficient Law
For and Against the State (ed. John T. Sanders and Jan Narveson),Rowman & Littlefield, 1996, p. 235-253

Stephan N. Kinsella – Punishment and Proportionality: the Estoppel Approach(pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 12, Num. 1, 1996

Bruce L. Benson – Restitution in Theory and Practice (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1996

Bryan Caplan – The Economics of Non-State Legal Systems (pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Legal Notes, 26, 1997 

Gareth Williams – Free Market Defence: Anarchist Insurance Will Work Best(pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Economic Notes, 77, 1997

Tom W. Bell – Polycentric Law in the New Millennium
Essay submitted to the Mont Pelerin Society, 1998

Hans-Hermann Hoppe – The Private Production of Defence (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1998-1999

Edward Stringham – Market Chosen Law (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 14, Num. 1, 1998-1999

Stephan N. Kinsella – Inalienability and Punishment: A Reply to George Smith
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 14, Num. 1, 1998-1999

Patrick Tinsley – Private Police: A Note (pdf)
Journal of Libertarian Studies, Vol. 14, Num. 1, 1998-1999

Kai Konrad and Stergios Skaperdas – The Market for Protection and the Origin of the State
Center for Economic Policy Research, Discussion Paper No. 2173, 1999

Frank van Dun – Kritarchy
July 18, 1999 (last revised May 2003)

Michael van Notten – From Nation-State To Stateless Nation, The Somali Experience
Michael van Notten, April 24, 2000

Joseph R. Stromberg – Gustave de Molinari on States and Defense
Antiwar.com, July 25, 2000

Christian Michel – Restitution: Justice in a Stateless Society (pdf)
Libertarian Alliance, Legal Notes, 33, 2000

Stefan Blankertz – Has the State Always Been There? How Tribal Anarchy Works
Paper presented ISIL Conference, London, Ontario, July 2000

Allen Wilhite – Seeking Protection and the Origin of the State (pdf)
Society for Computational Economics, 2001

Bruno S. Frey – A Utopia? Government Without Territorial Monopoly (pdf)
The Independent Review: A Journal of Political Economy, Volume 6, Number 1, Summer 2001

Richard A. Garner – If Hobbes is Right, Then he is Wrong: Why Social Order Can Arise Without a State Amongst Hobbesian People
Against Politics, April, 2002

Roderick T. Long – Privatization, Viking Style: Model or Misfortune?
Lew Rockwell.com, June 6, 2002

Thomas Whiston – Medieval Iceland and the Absence of Government
Ludwig von Mises Institute, Daily Articles, December 25, 2002

Llewellyn H. Rockwell – The National Defense Myth
Lew Rockwell.com, October 23, 2003

Hans-Hermann Hoppe – The Myth of National Defense (Introduction)
Ludwig von Mises Institute, October 24, 2003

Peter J. Boettke – Anarchism as a Progressive Research Program in Political Economy (pdf)
George Mason University, Working Papers in Economics, 200
4

Per Bylund – Competition in Private Justice
Strike-the-Root, March 5, 2004

Roderick T. Long – Libertarian Anarchism: Responses to Ten Objections
Lew Rockwell.com, August 19, 2004

Silas Barta – Public Goods: Not a Problem. A Study of an Extreme Case
Anti-State.com, February 21, 2005

Robert Murphy – What Are You Calling ‘Anarchy’?
Ludwig von Mises Institute, April 01, 2005

Robert Murphy – But Wouldn’t Warlords Take Over?
Ludwig von Mises Institute, July 07, 2005